Nussbaum is a specialist in British literature (1660–1800), postcolonial and Anglophone studies, and gender studies. She is completing a book on actresses, performance, and material practices in eighteenth-century British theatre. She hopes to show how the first and second generations of women on the English stage transformed ideas about celebrity, property relations, and nation. Along with Saree Makdisi, she is editing a collection of essays on The Arabian Nights in historical context. She is the author, most recently, of The Limits of the Human: Fictions of Anomaly, Race, and Gender in the Long Eighteenth Century (Cambridge University Press), and editor of The Global Eighteenth Century (Johns Hopkins University Press).